We all know the acronym expansion for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.PHP is basically a HTML-embedded Web scripting language deployed on the server. A PHP code is inserted into the HTML of a Web page such that when a PHP page is accessed, the code thus inserted is read or “parsed” by the server the requested web page resides on. The output thus obtained from this process are typically returned as HTML code which can be ready the browser and accordingly displayed to you.  Simply due to the fact that the PHP code is actually transformed into HTML before the page-load begins loaded the PHP code in the web page in not visible to the user. The goal of the PHP language is to effectively display dynamically generated pages developed by the web designer.

What are PHP frameworks? Why do we use them?

Coding in PHP sometimes becomes repetitive and monotonous; the idea behind introduction of PHP frameworks was to streamline the development of web applications written in PHP and provide an outline on which web applications can be built to function upon. PHP frameworks help to promote rapid application development (RAD) saves time and helps build more stable applications. Repetitive codes are a crucial waste of time for developers who can instead focus on building web applications! Further these frameworks help beginners build more stable applications with emphasis on proper database interaction/coding information on the presentation layer.

The overall objective behind the functioning of a PHP framework is referred to as Model View Controller (MVC; this is an architectural pattern in programming which demarcates details of business logic from the actual User interface. With MVC (where Model refers to data, View refers to the presentation layer, and Controller to the application or business logic) the development process of an application is broken up in parts facilitating focus on individual elements ensuring that other elements remain unaffected. The domain logic is the function that handles information exchange between your database and your user interface. Therefore you’re able to modify the domain logic and most importantly for designers, the user interface separately. Essentially, this ease up coding in PHP and far less complicated, considering the fact that it is an integral component of a website functioning on the internet. To sum up using a PHP framework helps you in the following ways –

  • Chasing deadlines on a project is much easier when you work on a PHP framework
  • Project with a huge amount of monotonous coding are less cumbersome with PHP frameworks.
  • PHP Frameworks helps you tweak your code in much more organized and clean manner.


Some popular PHP frameworks-

  • CakePHP-This is a growing support system, known for simplicity, and scalability.
  • CodeIgniter- It offers simple solutions comes with an extensive library of video tutorials, a user guide and a support structure.
  • Zend-Zend comes with robust features that are built for corporate-level development requiring an extensive knowledge of PHP to be deployed.


Top tips to choose the right PHP framework for your website-

  • Determine the objective of your business virtually; what kind of a site will be required? Will it be an ecommerce business, a social community, a messaging platform or a directory? Choose a  framework with based on your objective
  • Do you know what your hosting environment will be? There are some frameworks which require additional PHP modules /software installation on the server, so this does not suit shared hosting environments. A lightweight framework which is self-contained/ highly portable may not provide you with the best functionality for detailed data manipulation/processing.
  • Have you done a SWOT analysis of your developers? Some frameworks seem more user-friendly and better for beginners.
  • Does the framework offer work portability? Dedicated developers must be allowed the option of carrying their work anywhere with them irrespective of the location. Maintenance and de-bugging can be carried out uniformly without restraints.
  • There must be provisions made by a PHP framework against loss of track of the events that unfold post performing some actions.
  • Support options /help from Active Community helps those who are inexperienced with the given PHP framework. Having a good and extended community support provides for sustenance of efforts put in by the developers.
  • Frameworks that come with enhancement features which can either be attached or detached from your application as and when required prove to be advantageous. Thus the virtual footprint of our application can be concise/small at the same time provides us with the flexibility of enhancing features.